Çeşme (beach town) – located 7 ½ hours via car southwest of Istanbul, Cesme, the site of ancient Erythrai (Ildırı) established by the Cretans as one of the cities of the Pan-Ionian League, is one of the most visited places of the Aegean region today. Named originally Cyssus in the ancient time (and located opposite the Greek island of Chios), the name of the location was eventually changed to Çeşme (the Persian word for fountain) due to the cold and delicious water resources in the region. Building fountains at the onset of springs became a tradition within time and made Çeşme a site of attraction for its fountains.
The town has been under the rule of the Lydian, Persian, Pergamon, Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman empires throughout the centuries. Today, the town impresses its visitors with its magnificent cultural mosaic. The peninsula extending into the Aegean Sea, offers a spectacular view of the sea and the mountains rising behind of it. Hot and dry during the summer while mild and rainy during the winter, Çeşme will introduce you to a typical Mediterranean climate.